Wonderup - Fennel

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Fennel: natural ingredient of Wonderup

Habitat

The wild fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) loves hills exposed to the sun, the dry places, coastal regions and sub-mountainous regions of south-central Italy. Rarer in northern Italy.

It was chosen as an ingredient in Wonderup because it contains natural estrogenic substances (flavonoids) also called “phytoestrogens”. These compounds exert estrogenic effects, even if the activity in comparison with the real estrogen is rather bland, only 1/400m of the power of estrogen. For this reason is absolutely not toxic or harmful, while remaining efficient.

If estrogen levels are high, phytoestrogens are entering into the estrogen receptor and block the reception of decreasing excess estrogen levels so that, if too high, can be harmful.

Thanks to this rebalancing action are recommended plants containing phytoestrogens for conditions related to the excess of estrogen (such as premenstrual syndrome) as well as for conditions of estrogen deficiency (like menopause and the imbalances menstrual).
Also with these herbs exert an effect on the vascular system. For this reason they are very helpful in relieving symptoms of menopause, because they reduce both the intensity and frequency of hot flushes and nocturnal perspiration.

The traditional use of fennel to increase breast milk in women who have just given birth derives from the presence of phyto-estrogens that are the basis of this property galactogogue.

Characteristics and properties of Fennel
Components

Are present the entire complex of primary plants components and a characteristic range of secondary components. Important pharmacologically constituents include volatile oil, whose major components are anethole and fenchone, flavonoids, coumarins (phytoestrogens).

The Properties

Fennel, a plant largely used in the Mediterranean for flavoring meats and foods, as well as minerals and vitamins contains an essence, anethole, that is concentrates especially in the seeds and favors the digestion. In detail:

  • Tonic uterine: mainly used to alleviate the symptoms of menopause, although it has also been used to better tailor menstrual function and to reduce the nausea
  • Galactagogue: acts on the endocrine system and hormone function due to its ability to promote the flow of milk or milk secretion in lactating
  • It relieves menstrual cramps and nausea
  • Emmenagogue: stimulates menstrual flow if low
  • Useful in menopausal problems
  • Diuretic: it detoxifies the body by stimulating the production of urine and the elimination of toxins through the urine. It helps to dissolve kidney stones
  • Depurative: it purifies the blood
  • Carminative: acts on the digestive system due to its ability to release the gas from the intestinal tract. Relieves colic. It is an excellent remedy for stomach and intestines to alleviate flatulence, colic and stimulate digestion and appetite
  • Aromatic: it acts on the digestive system due to its ability to stimulate the appetite and gastric secretion through the action of the volatile oil and other aromatic ingredients. Aromatics are also used to relieve flatulence, open nasal passages, improve the taste of the medicine and give psychological support
  • Anti-spasmodic: acts on the nervous system due to its ability to prevent or relieve the muscle spasms
  • Anti-inflammatory: acting on the immune system due to its ability to counteract inflammation. The infusion may be used as a flushing to the eyes or compress to the eyes to treat conjunctivitis and the inflammations of the eyelids (blepharitis). Externally the oil eases muscular and rheumatic pains
  • Hepatic: affects liver and detoxification systems due to its ability to tone, strengthen, detoxify and heal the liver
  • Similar to anise in calming effect bronchitis and coughs. It is used as an ingredient to flavor sweet remedies for the cough.

Fennel: natural ingredient of Wonderup

History and facts about Fennel

Fennel is best known for his property galactogogue, for this purpose was used in 800 in France as it was also widely used at the medical school of Salerno, from not forget his food use and flavoring component.

In addition to flavor meat and foods with fennel prepares an excellent liquor, carminative and diuretic. The fruits of fennel crushed together with green clay are used to prepare a toothpaste that freshens breath and strengthens the gums.

The ancient Romans greatly appreciated the fennel, and ate it for the good flavor that for the traditional belief that it was useful in controlling obesity. Even the name for fennel greek originating derived from the word “maraino” which means weight loss.
This belief resisted until the time of the herbalist Culpepper that wrote on fennel: “all parts of the plants are widely used in broths and potions to make people lean that are too fat”. There may be some foundation to this belief, since the seeds are known as a mild appetite suppressant. The Puritans chewed the seeds during periods of fasting for religious ritual and resist hunger.

Fennel was considered one of the nine sacred herbs to treat diseases in the Middle Ages. He also believed that would take away the evil spirits, reason for which was stuck in the locks and hung on doors, especially on the eve of Assumption.

Charlemagne was a great admirer of the healing properties of fennel, which even today is used as a remedy for colic, as a refreshing breath and as a digestive. In 812 declared that fennel was essential in every imperial garden.