Poterium Spinosum

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Poterium Spinosum: natural ingredient of Kalospeed

Botanical Profile - Phytochemical and Pharmacological of the Poterium Spinosum
  • Division: Spermatophyta
  • Subdivision: Angiospermae
  • Class: Magnoliopsida (Dicotyledones)
  • Subclass: Rosidae (Choripetalae)
  • Group Orders: Dialypetalae
  • Order: Rosales
  • Famiglia: Rosaceae
  • Subfamily: Rosoideae
  • Genre: Poterium
  • Species: Poterium spinosum (L.)
  • Synonyms: Sarcopoterium spinosum (L.) Spach
  • Common name: spinaporci (Tuscany)
  • French: Pimprenelle Epineuse.

The decoction of the root of Poterium is very well known among the Bedouins as anti-
diabetic and it is for this reason that the Bedouins of Syria are hardly affected by diabetes mellitus despite having a diet rich in carbohydrates.

The reason for this refractoriness to contract diabetes is due to the tradition of drinking a decoction of the roots of a shrub that grows in the desert. The Bedouins cook the root in the morning and still make it cook over low heat during the day so that it is ready for drinking earlier in the evening.

The Arabs call this plant Schico Netesh, the Turks Abdest Bozan otu, while the plant is called in Hebrew Sira kotzanith. Alicante, Spain, it is traditional to use the aerial parts of Poterium ancistroides Desf as popular a cure for diabetes.

The first indications of the antidiabetic Poterium Spinosum appear in a publication in the journal “Selecta” No. 1, 1962 (Selecta-Verlag, Planegg bei munchen) where it is reported that a group of researchers who sought medicinal plants in the desert north-east of Syria, had identified a plant rich in active ingredients that could be used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus.

The group formed by chemists and pharmacologists under the direction of Dr. Aiman Kuzbari, had noted that at the Bedouin populations, those who had been diagnosed with certainty diabetes, taking a decoction made from the roots of a shrub growing in the desert areas.

The intake of the product, which had lasted for several months, eliminated all the symptoms of the disease, although the patients did not observe a strict dietary regimen being particularly their feeding provided with of carbohydrates. The clinical assessment made after the treatment, which lasted a year, did not show none recurrence of the disease.

The German chemist of the groupwho had arrived to ascertain some active principles of the plant, died following an accident near the Syrian- Turkish frontier and since he had written most of his documentation in encrypted code, these were subsequently unusable.

Poterium Spinosum: natural ingredient of Kalospeed

Dr. Kuzbari believed that the hypoglycaemic effect of Poterium Spinosum was probably due to one or more substances capable of stimulating the pancreatic islets of Langerhans to resume their normal function, contrary to the administration of insulin that being a substitute treatment can not cure the disease.

Details on the research of this mission were presented at the Second International Pharmacological Meeting held in Prague and summarized a year later. It has been shown that only the root bark contains the main active principles responsible for the hypoglycemic action and has no side effects.

In Italy, the tincture of the roots of Poterium Spinosum is used for the first time successfully by the School of Integrated Medicine Dr. Luigi Oreste Speciani. Since the dyeing was prepared with plants from Lebanon, with the advent of conflicts was no more possible to its import and its use.

composition of active principles of Poterium Spinosum

In Poterium Spinosum were isolated catechin tannins and ellagic, eptaidrossiflavani polymerized, an insulin-like substance and triterpene glycosides which tormentoside and tormentillina.
From the bark of the root has been isolated the torment acid and its derivatives (glucosides esters) such as the 23-acid sitormentico-28-0-beta-D-glucopiramoside; 23-acid and the acid idrossitormentico torment-28-0-beta-D-glucopyranosi-
de = rosamultina
.

In extracts of the dried bark were isolated glycosides ester of 23-idrossitormentico and acid ester glucoside torment. The root also contains traces of chromium. In the roots and bark of the branches tannins reach a concentration of 6%.

The torment triterpene acid has also been isolated in the aerial parts of the species Poterium ancistroides Desf, the same medicinal plant used in Spain to lower rates glicic well as in Potentilla tormentil Neck. Animal experiments have demonstrated the activity ipogliciizzante of this substance, determining simultaneously the hypo glycemic activity in comparison to that of glibenclamide (effects very similar).

Caution: Do not change the medical treatment of diabetes (especially insulin dose) without the advice of a qualified physician. People with diabetes should monitor their blood sugar level and insulin dose carefully with taking on Poterium Spinosum.